Floribundas are stiff, bushy, upright shrub roses characterised by clusters of flowers borne repeatedly from summer through autumn (as opposed to hybrid teas which typically produce flowers singly on each stem). Each flower is smaller than hybrid teas but their presence in large clusters gives an impressive floral display. They are hardy and free flowering, offering showy, fragrant blooms which are grown for display, rather than used as cut flowers as the stems are shorter than hybrid tea roses.
Floribundas were developed by cross breeding hybrid teas with polyantha roses, with the intention of creating roses which bloomed as profusely as polyanthas but with the beauty and range of colours of hybrid teas. They are smaller than a typical hybrid tea but less compact and sprawling than your usual polyantha. Blooms have the classic hybrid tea shape and are available in the same impressive range of colours, making them a great addition to a rose bed, mixed border or even a container on the patio.
Selecting a Floribunda Rose
There are a wide range of floribunda roses available in the same impressive range of colours as hybrid tea roses. Whilst selection is partly a matter of personal taste it's worth checking which roses you like the look of then considering how their eventual height and spread ties in with what you're looking to use them for. Sizes of floribunda roses vary from compact and low growing, ideal for the front of a border or small patio container, to taller varieties growing up to 1.5-1.8m (5-6 feet) which are better suited as flowering hedges. Please refer to our 'Best Floribunda Roses' section below for some ideas.
When to Plant
Containerised roses can be planted at any time of the year, although from the beginning of autumn to early spring is best as this is when they are dormant. Do not plant your new floribunda rose if the ground is frozen or waterlogged. If the conditions are not appropriate, keep containerised plants in an unheated outbuilding and 'heel in' bare root roses by digging a trench in ordinary garden soil and placing the roots inside and covering with loose soil. Provide additional fleece protection if conditions are particularly harsh.
Choosing a Site
Floribunda roses like to be grown in a sunny position that is sheltered from strong winds. They will not succeed in shade or if crowded by other plants. A well-drained soil is preferred as they do not typically cope well with wet ground. If your garden naturally lies wet, incorporate some sand or coarse grid and organic matter when planting to improve drainage.
Double-dig the soil before planting to eliminate compaction and ensure it is well aerated. Dig your planting hole wide enough to comfortably accommodate the roots and deep enough so the graft will rest at soil level (to spot the graft point look for a bulge at the base of the shoots). Spread the roots across the planting hole and backfill using a mix of the dug soil plus plenty of well-rotted organic matter such as garden compost, recycled green waste or manure. We also recommend mixing in a generous helping of rose feed as roses are heavy feeders. Firm the soil down and water well.
Growing Roses in Containers
Roses also grow well in containers, which is a good option if you have a heavy clay soil or just want to add a splash of colour to the patio. Choose a deep container to accommodate the rose plants deep tap root system (except for miniatures where you will get away with a smaller pot). Choose a loam-based compost such as John Innes No 3, water well and top-dress with rose fertiliser each April. All other planting steps are the same as for growing roses in the ground (see above) but you'll need to pay special attention to feeding your rose using rose feed or another high potassium fertiliser regularly during the summer flowering period.
Pruning - Floribunda Roses
Correctly pruning your floribunda rose will ensure it grows vigorously and blooms well year after year. If repeatedly left unpruned, the branches of your rose bush will gradually tangle and start to look a mess. Floribunda roses are best pruned in early March just as they are starting to grow again. Make sure you have the right equipment for the job - a good pair of gardening gloves and sharp pair of secateurs are essential.
First, remove any crossing, dead, diseased or damaged stems - cut back weak stems to the base if necessary to eliminate over-crowding and create an open, goblet shape. Next, prune the remaining stems down to within 25-30cm (10 inches to 1 foot) of ground level. Finally, clear any fallen leaves and debris from around the base of the plant to keep things tidy and reduce the risk of disease and fertilise using rose feed.
Most floribunda roses will require some frost protection during very cold periods and frosts in the UK as they are not fully hardy. Horticultural fleece is best, but other permeable materials also work well.
Pests and Diseases
We only sell floribunda roses with an acceptable level of disease resistance; however, no roses are completely immune. We outline some of the main problems below and how to overcome them:
Our Floribunda Roses
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