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What does this mean?
You can expect the height to reach somewhere within this estimate. It is given as a guide but can vary dependant on several factors such as soil quality and position.
For Conifers and Trees this may be the height in 10-20 years, eventually the plant may exceed this height.
What does this mean?
You can expect the plant to spread somewhere within this range estimate. It is given as a guide but can vary dependant on several factors such as soil quality and position.
For Conifers and Trees this may be the spread in 10-20 years, eventually the plant may exceed this.
Flowers come in a vast variety of colours from pure white to almost black. Colour can be affected by a number of factors including environment and diet. Use the photographs as a guide and expect variations.
A plants development is synchronised with the changing seasons and flowering is one of several changes that occur at the appropriate time of year dependent on the specific plant. While our meteorological seasons are defined by specific dates; there can be two or the weeks difference in the start and end of the horticultural 'season' between the north and south of the UK.
Plants that have leaves all year round are classified as evergreen. They can however lose leaves sporadically throughout the year.
Deciduous plants drop their leaves in autumn, look bare in winter and put out new leaves again in spring. Some plants such a Beech retain their dead leaves until the new spring growth.
There are exceptions, some plant drop their leaves in cold winters but keep them if it is mild. These are classified as Semi-evergreen.
For plants that are fragrant the level of fragrance may vary, results may improve by planting in larger blocks. The fragrance may come from flowers or foliage.
What does this mean?
Growth rate of a plant will determine how fast the plant reaches it ultimate height and is affected by four main factors: temperature, nutrients, light, and water.
Hardy in most places throughout the UK even in severe winters (to -15)
Hardy throughout most of the UK (to -10)
Hardy in coastal and relatively mild parts of UK (to -5)
Six or more full hours of direct sunlight but don't forget to water.
Two or three hours either in early morning or late evening sun. Very limited exposure to midday sun.
Usually no more than two hours direct sunlight. Usually under dense trees, shurbs or in shade cast by buildings/fences etc.
Well-drained soil allows water to percolate through reasonably quickly without pooling. Well drained soil can often be dry and lack nutrients.
Poorly Drained soil is usually saturated periodically during the growing season and remains wet for several days at a time. Saturated soil can deprive roots of oxygen.
Moist Well Drained
A moist well drained soil is the best of both worlds by combining high permeability with the ability to retain moisture. Adding well rotted organic matter to dry or wet soil will help improve both these characteristics.
Soil with a pH between 1 and 7 is classed as acid, ericaceous plants such as Rhododendrons need acid soil.
A neutral pH which is around 7, will be suitable for most plants. Clay soils tend to be neutral.
Soil with a pH between 7 and 14 are refereed to as Alkaline. Chalky soil is usually Alkaline.
Chalky or lime-rich soils may be light or heavy, largely made up of calcium carbonate and are very alkaline.
Clay soils are potentially fertile and hold a high proportion of water. They drain slowly and take longer to warm up in spring.
Loam soils are s mixture of clay, sand and silt that avoid the extremes of clay or sandy soils. Fertile, well-drained and easily worked.
Sandy soils have a low clay content, drain quickly, easy to cultivate and work. They can dry out quickly and are low in plant nutrients. Often very acidic.
A bushy shrub with unusual shaped, spiny leaves deep green in colour. Bears white flowers in summer followed by red berries in autumn.
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